Indian Sarees types origin

July 5, 2017 Indian saree @TheRoyaleIndia 4761 0 0

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India is a land best known for its rich diversity. The diversity is represented through different languages, food, art, customs, dances and clothing. The traditional Indian Saree is yet another proud feather in the cap for Indians.

The world today knows the Indian Saree as the traditional nine yard drape that is both simple yet sophisticated. Sarees are timeless and classic. They are worn for different occasions ranging from religious ceremonies to weddings.

Every state of India has its unique style of Sarees which may be worn in different ways. This lengthy drape is not only designed creatively but also worn in a creative manner. The fabrics of the cloth may be of different types such as cotton, silk, linen, khadi or a mixture of fibers. Apart from this, they also differ when it comes to borders, threadwork, patterns and length.

In order to understand the many types of Sarees from all around India, the following list has been compiled:

1. Banarasi Silk Saree

The elegant yet royal Banarasi Silk Saree hails from the holy city of Varanasi. Originally worn by royalty alone, today many choose this Saree to make a style statement. This is a popular choice for brides also in North India. The Saree has gold or silver brocade work done on its borders and its designs are in gold or silver zari also. The Saree often has Mughal motifs of flowers, leaves, stems, kalga and bel.

The Banarasi Silk is often worn with gold jewellery and is a choice that one simply cannot go wrong with.

Indian Sarees types origin

Image credits – Pinterest

2. Kanjeevaram Saree

Remember the beautiful and vibrant silk Sarees worn by Rekha and Vidya Balan?

These gorgeous Sarees come from Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu and are now famous all over the world.

The Kanjeeveram looks similar to the Banarasi silk but is seen in more number of bright and vibrant colours, shades and hues. The Saree has thick, contrast borders, and it designs are usually checks, florals or temple patterns. Sometimes, they may even depict scenes from the Ramayana or Mahabharata. Two commonly seen animal motifs in Kanjeevarams are the parrot and the peacock.

The specialty is its thick silk base which is what makes the Saree a bit heavy to wear. In fact, the silk used in the Kanjeeveram is thicker than in other Sarees. Traditional gold jewellery and antique temple jewellery compliment this style.

Indian Sarees types origin

Image credits – Pinterest

3. Assam Silk Saree

The traditional Assamese silk Saree is a very elegant and sophisticated Saree. It is called Mekhala Chador. It is a two piece Saree draped around the body. The Saree is made of golden yellow Moga silk which is a special silk that is harvested from larvae that feeds on special leaves. This silk is glossy and the sheen of this Saree is unbeatable. The Saree also has a lot of threadwork and is one of the more expensive Sarees.

Indian Sarees types origin

Image credits – Pinterest

4. Bhagalpuri Silk Saree

The Bhagalpuri Sarees are vibrant Tussar silk Sarees from Bhagalpur, Bihar. They are usually worn with traditional jewellery. They have a special dyeing technique which sets them apart and boast of fine print and quality fabrics. They have recently come back into fashion with many fashion designers using Baghalpuri silk as the base of their designs.

Indian Sarees types origin

Image credits – Pinterest

5. Nauvari Saree

The Nauvari Sarees are a bright pop of color which is very popular among the women of Maharashtra. These Sarees have intricate designs on bright backgrounds.

An interesting feature of this Saree is that it is worn dhoti style, with the drape tucked in the back and is worn without a petticoat.

Indian Sarees types origin

Image credits – Pinterest

6. Dhakai Saree

The Dhakai Sarees have rich heritage and originally come from Dhaka, Bangladesh. These Sarees are very popular now in West Bengal. The Dhakai is a cotton Saree and is simple, light, elegant and easily available. It has a unique technique of hand weaving called Jamdani in the old days. The weavers are inspired by simple things around them which get translated into the beautiful designs.

7. Kasavu Saree

This extremely elegant Saree hails from Kerala. Typically, it is a white or cream coloured Saree with a gold border. In the olden days, women from aristocratic families wore these Sarees and the border was woven with actual gold. Today, the modern version of these Sarees has colored patterns as well on the body of the Saree. Gold colored or any other vibrant colored blouses are worn with his along with gold or pearl jewellery.

The Saree comes in two types. One is a simple sette Saree as described above. This is worn by women. Younger girls often wear the Sette Mundu which is a two piece set consisting of the mundu (bottom half), and the stole which is draped like a half Saree.

Indian Sarees types origin

Image credits – Pinterest

8. Panchampalli Saree

These stylish Sarees are also called Pochampalli Ikat Sarees and they hail from the Nalgonda district in Telengana. They are usually of a silk cotton mixture and have geometric patterns and intricate motifs.

9. Gota Saree

The Gota Saree is a popular choice of many fashionistas today. Many celebrities are also seen wearing it. It is a glamorous Saree and its specialty is an intricate lace border that is attached to the edges of the Saree. Different kinds of jewellery can go with it as the Saree favors an experimental look.

Indian Sarees types origin

Image credits – Pinterest

10. Kalamkari Saree

This is an extremely popular Saree choice in India, well loved by many women. The kalam refers to a pen and khari literally means art. Traditionally, these Sarees were hand painted but now they are manufactured in mass also. They give off an earthy, ethnic vibe and are lovely paired with silver, copper, bronze or tribal jewellery.

Vegetable and organic dyes are used to give these Sarees the rich color. What makes kalamkari Sarees so special is that they are inspired by Hindu mythology and many of its designs showcase caves, sculptures and animals from these legends.

Indian Sarees types origin

Image credits –Pinterest

11. Patola Saree

There is no way that a Patola Saree can be missed. These beautiful Sarees originate from Patan, Gujarat from families of traditional weavers who have kept the weaving a treasured secret.

They are handloom Sarees with bold colors and strong geometric patterns that immediately grab your attention. These Sarees compliment those with strong personalities as they make a bold style statement.

Indian Sarees types origin

12. Taant Saree

The Taant Saree is a simple yet classy Saree worn by many women from West Bengal. They are the preferred daily outfit for many of them as they are lightweight, easy to wear and handle and comfortable.

The typical Taant Saree has a thick border and a decorative pallu with a variety of floral, paisley and artistic motifs. Designs can be hand painted, printed or embroidered.

13. Sambalpuri Saree

These earthy and classy Sarees are traditionally hand woven from Orissa. The patterns are weaved through different techniques and the threads are dyed before they are worn to give them rich color. These Sarees are often made of tussar, silk, or soft cotton.

14. Bandhani Saree

This vibrant Saree is a popular choice in many Bollywood movies. They hail originally from Gujarat and Rajasthan. These Sarees are of the tie and dye variety and are available in both silk and cotton.

The Sarees are of a bright color and the fabric is crushed to give it its authentic look. Before dying, the cloth of the Saree is tied and then only dipped so that the tips of the portion which was tied remains white while the rest of the Saree is dyed in a vibrant jeweled shade.

Indian Sarees types origin

Image credits – Pinterest

15. Chanderi Saree

These Sarees hail from Madhya Pradesh. They are a popular choice for functions. They are a mix of silk and cotton and the motifs are of Chanderi temples, peacocks, coins, geometric patterns and leaves.

Because of their durable and lightweight nature, this Saree remains the main choice for any dress up function.

16. Konrad Saree

This is the famous temple Saree from Tamil Nadu. They were originally draped on the deities only. These Sarees have a striped or checked body with wide borders which have elements of nature and wedding animals like the elephant or horse. This Saree mostly comes in colors of brown, grey and off white.

What sets this Saree apart is that it does not look or feel like silk, although it is a silk Saree. They are very expensive and are widely used for marriages and grand occasions.

17. Phulkari Saree

This colorful Saree is full of zest. This design is from Punjab and has thread work in the shape of flowers on its borders or body. They are usually in cotton or khadi material.

The motifs are created in a geometrical grid which appears in a curved design. This Saree is often spoken about in many folk tales and the dream of many Punjabi girls.

Indian Sarees types origin

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18. Chikankari Saree

These soulful Sarees come from Lucknow and are some of the most beautiful Sarees ever. The work on these Sarees is very intricate and is mostly hand done which is why exact duplications are never found. Earlier, they were only done on muslin cloth but is now sold in all fabrics.

The colors are usually pastel such as peach, lavender, lemon yellow and pista green. The Sarees are in chiffon and cotton and are a perfect drape for a morning at work or an elegant evening function.

Indian Sarees types origin

Image credits – Pinterest

19. Mysore Silk Saree

Some of the finest silk Sarees come from Mysore. The mulberry silk in this Saree is of the purest form and is long lasting and durable. They are dyes using natural pigments and the motifs are of fruits, animals or birds. They do not get crushed easily and this is another plus.

Today, the Sarees have thickly woven pallus and also use kasuti embroidery. These Sarees are worn for grand occasions as they are associated with the richness of the history of Mysore.

20. Kota Saree

Kota Sarees are very popular for daily wear in India. They are the lightest cotton Sarees and are often worn in summers. They are transparent and come in square like pattern called Khats which resemble checks. Onion juice and rice paste is smeared on the yarn to make it very strong and durable.

These Sarees are from Rajasthan and are also made by a special group of weavers for their unique checkered look.

Sealing the Six Yard of Drape

This six yard of clothing, which we call Saree, is not just clothing but is a rich depiction of history and culture. Every Saree lover knows that the classic Sarees never go out of style and can be worn with panache anywhere. This elegant Indian drape makes the world go gaga over its blend of simplicity yet sophistication and has always been a symbol of female allure. And in the case of Sarees, we can confidently say that old is definitely gold here.

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